Workplace rights are a matter that is considered very seriously in Canada. Both Federal and territorial laws make sure that such rights are protected. Independent bodies such as Human Rights Watch also work in this regard. As compared to the rest of the world Canada is a country that is ranked among the top brass protecting human rights. All Canadians and even legal immigrants enjoy equal rights in Canada. The government of Canada also makes sure that best steps are taken to preserve human rights at Canadian workplaces. Discrimination is not a question at all when it comes to Canadian labor laws. The labor unions also ensure that the best steps are taken to protect employee rights.
Human Rights Act in Canada
It can be called as a base of all labor laws in Canada. It ensures that the best steps are taken to preserve the foreign as well as an indigenous worker right in Canada. Discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, sex, color, race, and status is not allowed at all. The companies are bound to treat all workers with respect. Discrimination is the first phenomenon which has been worked on when it comes to this law. Any of the following organization falls under this law’s category. It also makes sure that a constant check and balance system is in place to make sure that the organizations abide by the rules:
Federal government organizations
First Nation Government organizations
The overall make and model of this law are such that an employee is being treated discriminately can report the incident if he wants to. The law also ensures that all service providers are also checked periodically and Canadian government makes sure that this happens.
Necessary accommodation at workplace
It is very important for any organization to create such environment that all employees feel their rights protected. This point is very important and therefore must be enforced by all organizations. At times there are some employees that cannot work normally like others. Though the duties are same due to any disability, they are treated differently. Necessary accommodation law states that the employer in all such conditions must take steps to create such environment which suits the employee. However, this law is only applied if there is a need. Unnecessary application of accommodation can lead to discrimination which is definitely not allowed at Canadian workplaces at all.
Canadian Labor Code
There are about 12,000 registered businesses working in Canada. It is a hefty and healthy number and is regulated by Canadian Labor Code. The code completely ensures that the labor laws are protected completely. However, it is also to be noted that the number mentioned is just a tiny figure as compared to the total workforce of other sectors. Still, this law is in place to make sure that the best outcome is generated and the overall discrimination is negated at every level. Some points covered by this law are as follows:
Canada is one of the developed nations in the world that is known for its work culture and numerous numbers of immigrants residing in the country. The country provides basic rights to its working class and nearly nine unions cover more than 100,000 workers in the country. The rights of the people working in Canada are looked by the unions. According to reports, 70% of the working class in public sector and 15% in the private sector are registered with the unions. In the recent times, the Canadian court has further passed many laws and provided rights to the people working in the Canada.
Key Points Related to Rights of Working People
Many people are working in Canada in varied companies and most of them are living there from a long time. In this situation, it becomes necessary to protect the basic rights of the people and provide them quick justice, in case they have suffered any problems at the hands of the employer. Moreover, the Canadian court has already passed the law related to the right to strike that is protected by the constitution, and it is a fundamental right.
The working class of Canada follows the Charter of Rights and Freedom that deemed necessary to be changed, and the government was asked to put the limits on some of their policies. The people were fighting for some of their rights from a very long period, and they have gained success in recent times. Even the Canadian government is now liable to provide equal rights to the working class that belongs to another country.It is a well-known fact that Canadian authorities are one of the most loyal in the world. This includes also their policies for the gambling industry. At the present time, you can disport yourself popping in any Canadian casino online gaming website, at any time you want.
Here are few do’s and don’ts for the employers that help in securing the rights of the employees. The employers of the company should follow these necessary rules.
The employees are provided safe and hygienic environment.
The payment must be given on right time.
Employer should respect the conditions written in the contract.
The leave days and the break time in between work is the basic right of an employee.
On the other hand, the employers cannot force their employees for most of the things as this may land them in grave trouble. Therefore, the dont’s for the employers are:
Employer cannot make their employees work if they are injured or sick.
He or she cannot ask the person to perform the duties for which they are not hired during the work contract.
The employer is not permitted to take back any hiring fees from the working person.
Employer is not eligible to take away the work permit or the passport of an employee if the person is an immigrant.
If the employee is national of some other country, then the employer cannot take away his or her immigrant status or deport them from Canada to their native country.
Lastly, the Canadian government and court have ruled out many atrocities that were being done on the employees that led to the creation of many strong laws against the employers. The long fight from the labor unions helped in preserving the rights of the working class.
Respect for labor is the first and foremost phenomenon which is practiced by the businesses in Canada. It is for the same reason that people from all over the world migrate to Canada to pursue a successful career. The Canadian Parliament has taken strict actions and steps against labor misconduct and manipulation. Hefty fines are imposed on the companies that are found indulged in such activities. The result is a stable and peaceful labor environment. However, the laws are not one sided. The labor unions must ensure that if any of their members are found guilty then they take strict action against him/her. There are two versions of Canadian labor law which are practiced in Canada currently. They are mainly:
Canadian Labor Law
Canadian Labor Code
These will be described so that the readers get to know the facts which are associated. The ambiguities and misconceptions will also be cleared completely.
Canadian Labor Law
There are certain important points which are associated with this law. These are:
The Canadian Labor law is a body of law which is equally applied to all industries and businesses earning their profits from Canada
The trade unions, workers, and employers are the main stakeholders of this law. Each group should make sure that each and every restriction is followed as it is
Nonunion workers and employers are also a part of this law
From governmental side, the province and federal is responsible to ensure that the law is followed in its true sense
Where the federal jurisdiction is not applied the province is responsible to make sure that the law is implemented
This law has been made keeping in view the constitutional jurisdiction of federal and the provincial governments
The businesses which are constitutionally under the jurisdiction are banking, broadcast, finance, banks, maritime navigation, fishing, and transport.
Education and municipal structure are governed by the provincial governments.
Only the Province of Quebec is the one that does not follow the law as it is. This is because the constitutional status of the province is different from others.
Canadian Labor Code
The important points which are to be considered in relation to Canadian Labor Code are as follows:
Labor respect is the main concern which this code deals with. It is Act of Parliament and Canadian Government to combine all such statutes in a single law
This law makes sure that strikes and lockdowns are minimized. The law is not limited to mentioned issues. It ensures that any activity that hampers the business is resolved amicably.
The industries which are governed by the federal government are the ones that abide by this law.
The crown corporations and businesses operating and/or affected by the Indian Act are also required to abide by this law completely.
Industrial relations, Occupational Health and Safety and Employment Standards Act are the main sections which this law comprises of.
There are 7 divisions of industrial relation act, Section 124 – 148 deals with Occupational Health and safety whereas the Employment Standard Law is divided into 16 divisions.